What is morbid obesity?
Morbid obesity occurs when fat replaces body muscles. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), obesity is characterized by an excess of fat mass, which leads to harmful consequences for the individual.
It is defined by the body mass index (BMI). A good BMI is between 18.5 and 25, while that of morbid obesity is equal to or greater than 40.
Morbid obesity is an evil rising in our contemporary consumer society; obesity and overweight are the 5th cause of death according to WHO statistics. Depending on its degree of severity, the repercussions on health are multiple, and patients can lose between 8 and 15 years of life expectancy.
CAUSES OF MORBID OBESITY
Many factors contribute to high body fat. These factors include:
Genes play an important role in obesity. However, there is nothing we can do about it.
Some people spend much less energy at rest than they require. They must then eat less, otherwise, the calories is stored as fat.
• Sedentary lifestyle✓
Lack of physical activity can lead to weight gain.
• Modification of eating behaviours✓
In our contemporary society, stress is a scourge that is often compensated for by food. Less time to eat, snacking, and high energy density products we take every time affect the cholesterol levels.
Certain endocrine disorders can cause weight gain, while certain drugs can also influence the condition.
THE CONSEQUENCES OF MORBID OBESITY
The impact of morbid obesity on an individual’s body balance depends on the complexity of the cause.
1) Development of diseases: Being morbidly obese has dangerous effects. This means the patient must also fight against various other associated pathologies. These are called co-morbid factors.
2) Type 2 diabetes: Not being able to provide enough insulin, the blood sugar level rises after and outside of meals. The risk is three times greater than in non-obese people.
3) Hypertension: High blood pressure is 2 to 3 times higher in obese people.
4) Gallstones and other gallbladder problems.
5) Dyslipidemia (abnormal lipid levels in the blood) due to high cholesterol.
5) Sleep apnea: Sleep disruptions may become the new normal.
6) Risk of infertility:
In women, there is an irregular menstrual cycle or amenorrhea (absence of periods), excessive secretion of androgen (male hormones).
In men: drop in testosterone (decrease in libido and fertility).
In order to avoid the accumulation of fat in your body, you should always measure your body mass index (BMI) to know if your body fat is at the optimal level.